a. Just as the body which God creates from elements needs the spirit to command and govern it the universe with everything in it needs God to bring it into existence and to command and govern it.
b. There is a single spirit for a single body to make it alive and govern it. So there must be a singe Lord with no partners to create and govern the universe. Otherwise disaster and confusion would be inevitable.

c. We cannot say that the spirit is in any place or part of the body. It is not contained in a specific place in the body. It may even leave the body and as is the case with dreams it can continue its relation with the body by means of a cord special to it. Likewise. God Almighty is not contained by time or space; although He is always present everywhere. He is nowhere. However the spirit is in the body and as it is contained by time it is also contained by space.

d. The sun is one and the world is very distant from it. But the sun is present everywhere in the world through its heat and light and through reflection it can even be in every transparent thing in the world. Therefore it may be said that the sun is nearer to things than things themselves. Similarly the spirit has the same relation with the whole of the body as well as with all of the cells separately at the same true. This may be an analogy to understand God’s relation with existence. He controls and directs all things at the same time like a single thing and although we are infinitely distant from Him. He is nearer to us than ourselves.

e. The spirit is invisible and its nature is unknown to us. Likewise however we think of or imagine God. He is different from it. His Essence cannot be known at all. Like the spirit. God Almighty is known through the manifestations of His Names. Attributes and Essence.